BARAK

BARAK (Heb. ברק; "lightning"), Israelite military commander during the period of the Judges (Judg. 4–5), son of Abinoam, from Kedesh in Naphtali. It appears that Barak was well-known as a capable military leader before the prophet deborah encouraged him to go to battle against King jabin of Hazor. For this purpose Barak succeeded in organizing people mainly from his own tribe of Naphtali, along with warriors from the tribe of Zebulun. After mustering his forces on Mount Tabor, he advanced toward the vicinity of the Wadi Kishon, where the battle was waged under his command; in the ensuing battle, the army led by sisera , Jabin's military commander, was utterly routed. There is no biblical datum available as to the nature and activities of Barak either before or after the aforementioned war. He is neither portrayed as endowed with the spirit of the Lord nor described as a judge. Because of a possible similarity in meaning between his name, Barak, and that of Deborah's husband, Lappidoth, some of the medieval commentators identified the two (David Kimḥi and Levi b. Gershom;   cf. Midrash Yalkut Shofetim, 42). However, this is not borne out by the context. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: EM, 2 (1965), 363–4 (incl. bibl.); Y. Amit, Judges (1996), 87; for further bibliography see deborah . (Yehoshua M. Grintz)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Barak — ( he. בָּרָק, Lightning ), the son of Abinoam from Kedesh in Naphtali, was a military general in the Book of Judges in the Bible. He was the commander of the army of Deborah, the prophetess and heroine of the Hebrew Bible. Barak and Deborah are… …   Wikipedia

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  • Barák — steht für folgende Namen: Josef Barák, 1833 1883, tschechischer Politiker, Journalist und Dichter Rudolf Barák, 1915 1995, tschechischer kommunistischer Politiker Siehe auch: Siehe auch: Barak Barack …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • barak — bàrak [b] (II)[/b] m <N mn aci> DEFINICIJA 1. osoba obrasla dlakama [ovaj barak] 2. konj duge grive 3. kinol. autohtoni pas gonič sa žućkastom oštrom dlakom (uglavnom na bosanskohercegovačkom prostoru) ETIMOLOGIJA vidi barak [b] (I)[/b] …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Barak [1] — Barak, israelitischer Richter um 1250 v. Chr.; befreite die Israeliten in Auftrag der Richterin Debora (s.d.) von der Herrschaft Jabins, dessen Heer[308] unter Sissera er mit 10,000 Mann auf dem Thabor besiegte …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Barak [2] — Barak, Nebenfluß links des Brahmaputra (s.d.), über 70 Ml. lang …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Barak — Barak, hebr. Feldherr, s. Debora …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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